Neolithic settlement of Angelochori

The mound in Angelochori is situated 1.5 km. N-NE of the village and it has an area of ​​14 acres -the perimeter is 333 meters- of which about seven acres are essentially left. Although the area was public land, occasional interventions were as many as to have leveled about half the area of the mound. Large pits, work of looters, have been opened up on one side, as well as on a point on the summit. The excavation, conducted from 1994 onwards, revealed successive building phases, which date from the second half of the 2nd millennium BC. The main phases of the settlement are two. The older one was destroyed by fire, which led the few surviving architectural remains to be covered by a thick layer of sand that stretches across the mound. The second phase of the settlement, which seems to have a long life and includes a series of subphases, has been investigated better than the first one at the top and the two sides of the mound. The architectural remains consist of debris of clay walls, fragments of the clay superstructure and hearths, floors, food-preparation structures.
The inhabited area seems to have been organized within the limits of the mound, surrounded by a terrace and lodges were arranged on a scale from the terrace to the top, leaving small intermediate uninhabited areas. The terraces are the “hallmark” of the Late Bronze Era in Macedonia and have been identified in many sites.The stratigraphic research in Angelochori showed that the terrace, exceeding a height of 4 meters, “stepped” on a wooden base, which was perhaps intended to insulate the terrace from water at the bottom. Above the wood, layers of sand were accumulated, while the higher terrace was constructed by clay soil and stones. The terraces seem to reinforce the defense of the settlement and protect from external dangers, while they should have also had a space-organizational function, since - as mentioned above - the buildings were arranged on a scale according to the position and course of the terrace.
Αmong the material remains of the Late Bronze Era the presence of ceramics is, as always, dominant with the most characteristic categories of decoration being the matt-painting and the engraving. In Angelochori, ceramics with matt-painted decoration occurs at very high levels on both main phases of the settlement. This technique of decoration is mainly used for drinking vessels -bottles, jugs, beetle-shaped- as well as larger vessels such as amphorae (Merousis & Stefani, 1997).
Regarding the engraved decoration in Aggelohori, it is commonly found in small vessels, the most esteemed figure being the beetle-like. The Mycenaean and Mycenaean-like pottery is represented by a small group of shells, which appear in the second phase of the settlement. The remaining findings, stone and bone tools, verticils and loom weights are telling of the daily routine of the residents. The study of the archaeobotanological and archaeozoological material from the excavation of Angelochori has shown that the residents of the settlement ate wheat, barley, millet, vetch, peas and grapes, they bred cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses and donkeys and hunted wild animals in the surrounding forests such as fallow deer, deer, roes and hares, which offered to the residents not only a nutritional variety but also raw material for the manufacture of tools. Finally, the bronze items - a pin and some blades - and traces of cutting from metal tools on the paleozoological material reveal the use, even if limited, of metal tools in the settlement.
(Source: Ν. Merousis, L. Stefani, The prehistoric research in Imathia: The excavated settlements, part B, Archaeology and Arts 89, December 2003: http://www.archaiologia.gr/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/89-12.pdf)