The Holocaust of Naoussa
Withstanding its prosperity, in February of 1822 Naoussa and the surrounding area finds itself at the focal centre of a large-scale revolt within the context of the Greek Revolution, which had already broken out in other areas of the Ottoman Empire.
In February 1822 the people of Naoussa with their captains Karatasos, Gatsos and elder Zafirakis captured the Turkish garrison of Naoussa and declared revolution against the Turks. The rebels defeated the Turkish army of Kehagia Bey who had 4,000 soldiers in the battle near the monastery of Divra. It was a sensational battle. For the first time, a structured Turkish army confronted the Greek army and was shuttered.
They liberate Naoussa and the surrounding area quickly and march up to Veroia. Although the Turks flee terrified, the Greeks do not conquer the town, as they are informed that the governor of Thessaloniki Mehmed Emin Pasha, also known as Abdul Empou Loumpout (the batter), already campaigns against them with 15,000 soldiers and 12 cannons. The expedition followed by 600 Jews who had paid the Turks for the acquisition of rights over the potential slaves and their sale in the slave market of the time.
Approximately 5,000 families from the surrounding areas arrive in the town of Naoussa in order to be protected from the coming destruction. But the terms are unequal. Despite the resistance for about one month, Abdul Ebu will finally arrive in Naoussa on April 11, 1822. After a few days of resistance by approximately 400 fighters and those with them, the city falls to the Ottomans on 22 April 1822.
The last defenders were killed in the tower of Zafirakis and the women with their children chose to fall from the waterfalls of Arapitsa at the current sacrifice area rather than fall into the hands of the Turks. It is for this sacrifice that Naoussa was later declared, by the Royal Decree of 1955 (R.D. 17/08/1955 G.G.240/A/3- 9-1955), heroic city next to Mesolongi, Souli and Arkadi.
A. Oikonomou, Naoussa. The place, the past and the present... Naoussa, 2005)