Traveling from Thessaloniki to the west, Mount Vermio impresses the visitor. The pre-Hellenic word, of Phrygian origin, reveals that the region was inhabited by Phrygians before the descent of the Macedonian tribes. According to Herodotus, the famous gardens of King Midas with the sixty-leafed roses in Vermio.
The chromatic enchantment of Vermio inspires during all four seasons. With its ridges getting lost in the clouds, the mountain volume finds its prime in autumn. The deciduous trees acquire the entire color palette of red, brown and orange. The foliage of the trees sings its last song in colorful and harmonics notes. It is the time of the chestnut, the walnut and the cyclamen.
In high altitude, winter gets black and white and the ski resorts of the 3-5 Wells and Seli are bustling. The barren trees are waiting for the spring, while the boreal coniferous ones leave their majestic mark. The primroses spread on the sunshed slopes and remind us that winter is leaving. When spring comes, the dance of wild flowers begins; wild violas, (Viola macedonica), anemones, ornithogalums, crocuses and hellebores appear, while in the alpine zonethe myosotis (meaning, in ancient Greek, do not forget me) spreads like a blue carpet, discreet and elegant. During the summer, the color palette of green predominates.
The mountain is full of surprises since it has a rich flora. 1,035 species are recorded, of which 117 are endemic to the Balkans and 34 endemic to Greece.
Following roads and trails leading to the summit one will come across land with fruit trees at the foothills up to a height of 500 meters. In the streams, the plane tree will offer us some rest under its thick shade. The first band of wild vegetation with Hornbeam, Oak, Linden, chestnut of Elm, Maple, Dogwood, Prounia, Gortsia, Willow, clog forms a fancy landscape; shrubs such as holly, butcher’s broom, blueberry, hazelnut dogwood, wild roses, boxwood complement the whole. From 800 and up to 1,500 m. the forest of slender beech and fir dominates along with hollies and wild poplars follows the band of boreal coniferous trees and end up in the alpine zone with dwarf cedars, astragalus and laurel.
In the spring, among the most common plants, we also find scarce one such as Dictamus albus of pink color (Iris sintenesii) and Isatis vermia. Our gaze is attracted by a gentian (Gentiana Verna) with perhaps the most beautiful blue met in nature. Numerous pansy flowers cause on the slopes, while not very common orchid Orchis spitzeli invites insects for reproduction. The wet meadows with Narcisse (Narcissus poeticus) compete with yellow tulips (toulipa australis). In remote corners of the forest surprise cause blooming mygke (Convallaria majalis) and Fritilaries (Fritillaria montana). The rich herbaceous vegetation called pharmacy of nature as many species are distinguished for their pharmaceutical value such as chamomile tea (Sideritis scardica), salep, the mullein, mint, the Achilles etc.
Vermion is the habitat of valuable populations of mammals. The gray wolf (Canis lupus), fox, wild cat, badger, marten, weasel, bat, wild boar, deer, the deer, the hare, the ververitsa (squirrel) are some of them.
The reptiles that there is onychochelona the four-lined snake, the viper. Amphibians such as salamanders impressive (Salamandra salamandra) and Kitrinovomvina (Bombina variegata) impress with striking colors. Fish river is the river Briana Kouticha while Arapitsa famous for yellowfin Trout. Butterflies like Erempia ligeios (red butterfly) and the Makoulinea Alkon (aka blue butterfly) and the Agrodiaitos Damonos are rare species in danger of extinction from human activities.
Populations of birds found in the area, are reviving, especially the Blackbird, the woodpecker (the lucky visitor can admire the green woodpecker), and various species of eagles and hawks. The nightingale, the cuckoo, the shy, the blackbird, the owl, the dekochtoura, the owl, the woodcock, the quail and the pheasants are some of the many species of birds in the area.
In the context of protection of the fauna of the area and others -it has been established by the Forest Naoussa comprised of the forests of Naoussa and Seli – Tsanaktsi – Giannakochori, an area of 72,000 acres.
The farm of St. Nicholas is an area of 1,200 acres where the different species are encouraged to propagate, especially those whose number has decreased the most, in order to enrich the areas of Vermio and other parts of Greece.
The farm is fenced with wire and for the most part covered by a forest of forest trees in that area, such as chestnut, oak, hornbeam, ash, hazel, boxwood, sycamore. The game kept and bred on the farm are birds like pheasant hunting Insular Partridge, Silver Pheasant, Basil (golden) pheasant, Dark (dark) pheasant, pheasant Syrmatikos and mammals such as fallow - kind of deer (Dama dama) and wild boars.
Visitors have the opportunity to admire the feathered-colored species and the fallow and feral when they get out of their nests to find food.
Environmental Education Center Naoussa
Myrto Apergi, Seeking the Greek nature, Fotolio, Athens 2006
The protected areas Natura, Greek Society for the Protection of Nature, Athens 2004)