A special group of speleologists consisting of Stamatis Kirdis, a geologist-speleologist, Vassilis Giannopoulos, PhD in geology in the Ephorate of Paleoanthropology-Speleology, Theophanes Ellinas, Christina Gkargkoula and Pelagia Filippatou, speleologists, realized a first visit to the Rhodochori Cave, where the prefectural councilor Mr. Lazaros Temas welcomed them. The exploration lasted several hours. The team members explored all visitable parts of the cave, at a depth of 180 meters, and 35 meters below the level of the mouth. It was acknowledged that it is a ravine cave with small holes peripherally, filled with shell pieces (of broken vessels) of the Paleolithic era and debris of fire in several places. According to the preliminary findings, this cave was created when the limestone, at the distant past, was fissured in two pieces. The main entrance is the slot and, at its lower part, there is a room of ten to thirty meters and of about five meters high. There are also many shells there, dating back to the Paleolithic era, evidence of human presence there at that distant period from 6000 to 3500 BC.
The area is of great scientific value also for the early Neolithic period, a time were metal was not yet in use. The tools are made of stone and pottery was made ​​by hand without the use of the wheel, which was not discovered yet. Archaeological research is therefore necessary, as well as biological research. The cave is full of bats and plenty of bugs. This is extremely important because, in the caves, a particular evolution of organisms can be observed.
The cave is not suitable for mass visits, because space is limited and rock falls because of the cracks are extremely dangerous.

 

(Source: A. Oikonomou(Ed.), Niaousta 95-96, April-September 2001)