Ancient history of Naousa
Herodotus (VIII 137.1 and 138.2-3) reports Perdikkas as the leader of the Macedonian dynasty: “Perdikkas was the Seventh ancestor of that Alexander and he became king of the Macedonians in the following way... Three brothers of the descendants of Timenos from Argos fled to Illyria: Gafanis, Aeropos and Perdikkas, and passed from Illyria to Upper Macedonia arriving at the city Levaia .... They arrived in another area and settled near the gardens.... Above the gardens there is a mountain called Vermio”.
It is generally accepted that the Macedonian dynasty descended from the royal family of Argos which descended from Hercules. It is for this reason that historians call the kings of the Macedonian Dynasty Argeades and Timenides, that is, descendants of the King of Argos Timenos.
Extensive ruins in the area between contemporary Naoussa and the neighboring villages of the plain reinforce the version that today’s Naoussa developed in the area of a major city of antiquity, situated between Veroia and Edessa. The name, according to the most recent opinions of archaeologists, was Mieza. Local legends report that the two daughters of the mythical king of the region Veris gave their names to the two major cities of Veroia and Mieza, while his son, Olganos, transformed into a river god and gave his name to the present river of Arapitsa. A bust of Olganos, revealed in the Copanos area dates from the 2nd century AD and it is kept in the Archaeological Museum of Verοia.
During the Macedonian Kingdom (4th-2nd century BC), in “Erateini Imathia” (Homer), one of the major cities that stood and flourished was ancient Mieza. The remains of the ancient city that is identified by archaeologists to the area located between Naoussa, Lefkadia and Copanos, are approximately located in the middle of today's highway leading from Veroia to Edessa. The first to have spotted the archaeological site of Lefkadia was French explorer Delacoulonche and Danish architect Kinch.
A. Oikonomou, Naoussa. The place, the past and the present... Naoussa, 2005
C. S. Zalios, Lefkadia of Naoussa, Naoussaiika, Vol. 19, January-April 2013
B. S. Dimitriadis, Copanos of the Municipality of Naoussa: Tracing the past, History and Culture Chronicles of the prefecture of Imathia)