Νaoussa in the prehistoric era
We can determine the existence of settlements from the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age, Classical and Hellenistic periods mainly from ceramic findings in the region between Naoussa and the villages Lefkadia and Copanos. The area was inhabited from the second millennium, long before the establishment of the Macedonian tribes.
According to Strabo, the earliest inhabitants of the areas around the Vermio and therefore of Naoussa and surrounding settlements were the Vriges, a Thracian nation. They inhabited the area in prehistoric times, when the natives in the rest of Greece were called Pelasgians. The Vriges moved to Asia and were renamed as Phrygians while the area inhabited was called Phrygia. The Bottiaeans, who were displaced by their Vriges from Imathia, were the ones who appeared to hold the area between Axios and Loudias and then Εmathia, with capital the town of Pella. Herodotus, who places the famous “Gardens of Midas” in contemporary Naoussa, notes that Bottiaeans were evicted from Thermaikos gulf by the Macedonians and were forced to turn to the southeast towards Potidaia.
The supervening Macedonians joined the remaining Frygopelasgian people and constituted the residents of historic times. These residents assisted by the rest of Macedonians prospered in the golden era of the Macedonian state.
(Source: C. S. Zalios, Lefkadia of Naoussa, Naoussaiika, Vol. 19, January-April 2013)